Laboratories

Articular Function Analysis Laboratory -LAFAr

Coordinator: Dr. Stela Márcia Mattiello  

In the Articular Function Analysis Laboratory, research projects are developed addressing biological and biomechanical studies based on research and rehabilitation of the shoulder and knee joints. Our research is multidisciplinary, encompassing experimental and human studies on osteoarthritis, as well as chronic diseases of the shoulder. In order to do this, different kinematics and kinetic instruments are used, as well as biological measures such as DXA (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), inflammatory biomarkers in blood plasma, synovial fluid and urine and cellular investigation of tissues and joint fluids using techniques such as immunohistochemistry and histochemistry.

 

Child Development Analysis Laboratory – LADI

Coordinators: Dr. Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha and Dr. Ana Carolina de Campos

The studies conducted in the laboratory aim to characterize typical and atypical motor development; identify early biopsychosocial indicators of motor and sensory disorders; investigate the effect of physiotherapeutic intervention protocols on motor and functional performance and translate and validate assessment tools. Overall, they aim to contribute to practice based on evidence in the area of Physical Therapy in Neuropediatrics, using equipment for kinematic, kinetic and electromyographic analysis, as well as standardized assessment scales (video cameras and tripods, ambient lighting; BSITD-III, ITERS, HOME, Sensory Profile, and Life-H; Portable BERTEC Power Platform; Delsys Electromyograph; Pediasuit Cage and Accessories; TV; Data Show; Kinect and X-Box Video Game; adjustable seat, table and chair with load cell; G-Walk- BTS).

 

Functional Development Analysis Laboratory (LADeF)

Coordinator: Dr. Eloisa Tudella

In the Functional Development Analysis Laboratory (LADeF), projects are developed to analyze the movement of typical infants and children or at risk (biological, physical, socioenvironmental), and school children who present Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Validated scales and assessment tests, such as the Alberta Infant Motor Scale, Infant Motor Performance Test and Movement Assessment Battery for Children – 2 are used for this.

 

Laboratory of Analysis and Intervention of the Shoulder Complex

Coordinator: Dr. Paula Rezende Camargo 

In this laboratory, studies are developed to understand the biomechanical and clinical alterations of shoulder complex dysfunctions, seeking scientific support to develop better evaluation and intervention strategies in different populations with shoulder pain. The Laboratory is equipped with a TrakStar electromagnetic device integrated with the MotionMonitor software for three-dimensional motion analysis, an electromyograph, hand-held dynamometer and algometer. We have national and international collaborators to carry out other ways of analysis.

 

Laboratory of Assessment and Intervention in Orthopaedics and Traumatology (LAIOT)

Coordinator: Dr. Fábio Viadanna Serrão 

In the Laboratory of Assessment and Intervention in Orthopaedics and Traumatology (LAIOT)

biomechanical studies are developed aimed at sports injuries, especially those related to knee joints. The studies especially assess: muscle strength and activation using dynamometers and surface electromyography; analysis of trunk and lower limb movements using the Vicon motion capture and analysis system (6 cameras – Bonita 10); analysis of the distribution of plantar pressure using the Pedar System (Novel), as well as kinetic analysis using an AMTI force platform. 

 

Clinical and Occupational Kinesiology Laboratory (LACO)

Coordinator: Dr. Ana Beatriz de Oliveira 

In the Clinical and Occupational Kinesiology Laboratory (LACO), studies are developed to understand the workers´ biomechanical exposure seeking scientific support to develop intervention strategies which can promote health in different occupational groups. The studies are carried out both in controlled environments and real occupational environments. The laboratory has portable devices for recording biomechanical exposure (electromyograph, digital inclinometer and electrogoniometer). LACO also develops studies that involve the evaluation and physiotherapeutic intervention of subjects with Temporomandibular Dysfunction and associated impairments, considering the clinical aspect of the laboratory.

 

Isokinetic Dynamometry Laboratory (Multiuser)

Coordinator: Dr. Tania de Fátima Salvini  

This laboratory has an isokinetic dynamometry (Biodex System III) and electromyograph. Research projects are developed using this equipment, which evaluate human movement disorders, guided by various researchers from the PPGFT at UFSCar and other institutions.

 

 

 

 

 

Spirometry and Respiratory Physical Therapy Laboratory – LEFiR

Coordinators: Dr. Maurício Jamami and Dr. Valéria Amorim Pires Di Lorenzo

 

In LEFiR, studies are carried out related to pulmonary function assessments using spirometers and Peak Flow meter; respiratory muscle assessments using analog and digital manovacuometers; peripheral muscle assessment of upper and lower limbs using digital handheld and handgrip dynamometers. Exercise tests are also performed on a treadmill or exercise bike, as well as functional evaluation tests using gas analyzers, cardiac monitors, pulse oximeters, blood pressure devices, stethoscopes, frequency meters (Polar) and lactate analyzers. The activities of daily living are also evaluated using gas analyzers, pedometers, pulse oximeters, walking tracks, ladders, dumbbells and dyspnea scale application. In addition, aerobic and resistive physical training protocols are developed using ergometers and bodybuilding gyms. The laboratory also has non-invasive ventilation and respiratory stimulators (threshold, voldyne, respiron, powerbreathe, etc.) to develop respiratory muscle training protocols.

 

 

Epidemiology and Aging Studies Laboratory – LEPEN

Coordinator: Dr. Tiago da Silva Alexandre

 

Using population-based epidemiological studies, LEPEN contributes to the line of research on evaluation and intervention procedures in physical therapy of the musculoskeletal system, analyzing the prevalence and incidence of major musculoskeletal disorders affecting the elderly population. It also studies muscular aging (sarcopenia and dynapenia), as well as the effect of these conditions on the incidence of negative outcomes in the elderly, such as falls, hospitalizations, functional incapacity, institutionalization and death in order to help devise coping strategies for health services focusing on rehabilitation and improving healthcare. The laboratory has one computer, one printer and 1 STATA statistical program.

 

Preventive Physical Therapy and Ergonomics Laboratory – LAFIPE

Coordinator: Dr. Tatiana de Oliveira Sato

 

 

In the Preventive Physical Therapy and Ergonomics Laboratory – LAFIPE, studies are conducted: 1) to evaluate the occupational exposure in different groups of workers using image records, inclinometry and electrogoniometry. 2) to evaluate the effect of interventions aimed at the prevention of musculoskeletal disorders, such as physical activity in the workplace and job position adjustments. These occupational risk situations are also reproduced in the laboratory to assess risks under more controlled conditions. When necessary, mock-ups of the situations (work stations, products, devices) are produced and evaluated by registering the movements and loads (load cells, dynamometers, pressure sensors, etc.) or by mathematical estimates (Biomechanical modeling software).

 

 

 

 

Neuroscience Laboratory

Coordinators: Dr. Rosana Mattioli and Dr. Ana Carolyna L. Gianlourenço

 

 

In this laboratory, studies are carried out essentially considering two areas: a) basic area, concentrating on behavioral studies aimed at understanding central nervous system plasticity mechanisms, particularly the role of histamine in motor and non-motor functions, such as coordination, balance, learning processes, memory and its relation to emotions; B) clinical studies focusing on the rehabilitation of individuals with neurological diseases, such as Parkinson’s disease and multidimensional treatment. Our infrastructure includes a vibrating blade microtome, stereotactic devices, central microinfusion pumps, behavioral models (elevated plus maze, open field, rotarod, balance beam, living box), computers and cameras.

 

 

Neurological Physical Therapy Research Laboratory (LaFiN)

Coordinator: Dr. Thiago Luiz de Russo

 

 

The Neurological Physical Therapy Research Laboratory (LaFiN) develops studies on animals and humans, focusing on the mechanisms of neuromuscular adaptation and recovery after injury of the central and peripheral nervous system. The main lines of research at LaFiN are: assessment and intervention of physical therapy in post-stroke; and evaluation and intervention of physical therapy in peripheral nerve lesions. Studies carried out in the LaFiN make use of the multiuser infrastructure at DFisio/UFSCar, and are developed in the Analysis of Movement Center (NAM), Isokinetic Dynamometry Laboratory, Molecular Biology and Histology Laboratory and Physical Exercise Research Center (NUPEF)/Cardiovascular Physical Therapy Laboratory (LFCV)/ Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory (LACAP).

 

 

Physiotherapeutic Resources Research Laboratory

Coordinators: Dr. Richard Eloin Liebano and Dr. Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto

 

In the Physiotherapeutic Resources Research Laboratory, activities related to the study and evaluation of the influence of electrophysical agents on biological tissues are carried out. The resources used are therapeutic ultrasound, shortwave, microwave, laser, LED and electric currents. We adopt assessment methods using light microscopy, polarized light and possibilities of using methodologies, such as chemical analysis (blood, bones, tendons, muscles), analysis of protein expression by zymography, quantification of cytokines and conditions for immunohistochemical analysis and morphological analysis. In projects with human beings, we evaluated the effects of electrophysical agents on clinical and induced pain, and as assessment tools of the outcomes studied, we use digital pressure algometers, scales and validated questionnaires.

 

 

 

 

Rheumatology and Hand Rehabilitation Research Laboratory – LAPREM

Coordinator: Dr. Paula Regina Mendes da Silva Serrão

 

 

In the Rheumatology and Hand Rehabilitation Research Laboratory biomechanical and clinical changes resulting from rheumatic diseases are evaluated, as well as studies on the effect of physiotherapeutic interventions on these changes. In addition, evaluations of wrist and hand biomechanics, as well as clinical and functional changes resulting from injuries that may affect these structures are carried out.

 

 

Women’s Health Research Laboratory – LAMU

Coordinator: Profa. Dra. Patricia Driusso

 

 

In the Women’s Health Research Laboratory, research is carried out on functional evaluation procedures of pelvic floor muscles and studies of various physiotherapeutic interventions to treat female pelvic floor dysfunctions. The studies conducted in the laboratory aim to identify physiotherapeutic evaluation and intervention protocols for the prevention and treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction during the female life cycle. The laboratory has electromyography equipment; a bioimpedance balance; and GE Healthcare ultrasound equipment.

 

 

Muscular Plasticity Laboratory

Coordinator: Dr. Tania de Fátima Salvini

 

 

In this laboratory experimental research projects are developed using animal models (rats and mice), as well as studies that address human cell analysis. In the experimental studies, the possible adaptations of the skeletal muscle and its nerve endings to the injury, denervation, osteoarthritis, ligament injuries, exercises, etc. are analyzed. Another focus of the laboratory is to evaluate the effects of using various physiotherapeutic resources (different types of exercises, electrostimulation, cryotherapy, ultrasound, laser, etc.) in the skeletal muscle. Muscle evaluation protocols are histology (morphological analysis), immunohistochemistry and molecular biology techniques to analyze gene and protein expression. The laboratory is very well equipped to carry out these techniques (microscopes, centrifuges, cryostats, freezers, greenhouses, water purification equipment, equipment for gene expression, etc.). In human studies, projects are developed that investigate the functional adaptation of the skeletal muscle to different physiotherapeutic resources in patients with various conditions that cause movement disorders, such as osteoarthritis, diabetes, ligament injuries, CNS and peripheral injuries, shoulder impact syndrome, Fibromyalgia, cancer, etc. The equipment available to analyze these individuals is the isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex System III), force platforms, electromyography, digital cameras, etc., available in the multi-user laboratories at the Physical Therapy Department.

 

 

 

Healthy Aging Research Laboratory – LaPeSI

Coordinators Dr. Anielle Cristhine de Medeiros Takahashi and Dr. Larissa Pires de Andrade

 

The aim of LaPeSi is to carry out research using physical therapy assessments and interventions in different elderly populations: physically active, fragile, at risk of frailty, with cognitive impairment, longevity, falls in the elderly, elderly caregivers, among others. The assessments focus on both the analysis of movement and analysis of complexity and interaction of different physiological systems, as well as cognitive assessments and tools for clinical use. To carry out  the activities, LaPeSi has rooms where specific evaluations can be made for cognitive and physical assessment, as well as air-conditioned rooms and equipment such as  actigraphs, heart rate monitors, electrocardiographs and manual dynamometers among others.

 

 

Physical Exercise Research Center (NUPEF)/Cardiovascular Physical Therapy Laboratory (LFCV)/ Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy Laboratory (LACAP)

Coordinators: Dr. Aparecida Maria Catai, Dr. Audrey Borghi e Silva, Dr. Renata Gonçalves Mendes

 

In these laboratories, research is developed regarding evaluation and intervention in the context of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases; investigation of physiological adjustments and adaptations to different stressors and physical exercises and analyzing biological signs, mainly hemodynamic, respiratory, autonomic and metabolic variables. The infrastructure includes ergometers (2 Corival Cycle-meters and 1 Recumbent and 2 Imbramed-Master ATL/ ATS treadmills), an incline bench and leg press, mechanical ventilators, cardiofrequency meters, ergometers (CPX Medgraphics, Oxycon Mobile and VMax Encore), a pulse plethysmography system (2 Finometer Pro), signal acquisition systems (2 Powerlab 8/35, Bio Amp FE132 – AD Inst), near infrared spectroscopy (2 NIRS, Oxymon), long term ECG (Holter), inductance plethysmography (Life Shirt), Manovacuometers, spirometers, Ultrasound (sonosite), cardio-impedance (Physioflow), lactate and glucose analyzers (YSI 2300), Sphygmocor, Balance (Inbody) and electric full body electrostimulators.

 

 

 

Multidisciplinary Center of Movement Analysis (NAM)

Coordinator: Dr. Ana Beatriz de Oliveira

 

NAM includes the Qualisys system, based on eight high-speed, high-resolution optical digital cameras and passive reflective markers integrated into the analytical software (Qualisys Track Manager – QTM and Visual 3D), which calculates the speed, rotation and acceleration quickly. The system intehrates other equipment from an event synchronizer or analog converter compatible with two power platforms (BERTEC Corporation – USA, model 4060-08) and a wireless electromyograph (Trigno, Delsys). NAM has helped various MSc and PhD students to develop  their research projects from the PPGFT at UFSCar, as well as other institutions (such as the São Carlos School of Engineering at USP). The laboratory also has a body weight support device, consisting of an iron rail fixed to the ceiling, an electric hoist, a load cell and a digital display.